MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings of the study?
Dr. LaMantia: We conducted a systematic review of existing studies on delirium in emergency departments and found that neither completely validated delirium screening instruments nor an ideal schedule to perform delirium assessments exist there.
MedicalResearch.com: Were any of the findings unexpected?
Dr. LaMantia: We had hoped that there would be more available information to support the use of a particular delirium screening tool in the emergency department. Unfortunately, there was limited data to support a choice of one tool.
MedicalResearch.com: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Dr. LaMantia: Unrecognized delirium presents a major health challenge to older adults and an increased burden on the health care system.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Dr. LaMantia: Further work is needed to develop and validate emergency department-specific screening instruments and to determine how often to administer screenings in the rapid-paced environment.