Factors Identified For Lasting Total Hip Replacement

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Sandrine Colas, MSc, MPH

Department of Epidemiology of Health Products
French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (ANSM)
Saint-Denis, France

Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?

Response: Total hip replacement (THR) is to replace a damaged coxofemoral joint with a prosthetic implant. Primary or secondary degenerative osteoarthritis of the hip joint is the main indication for THR (other indications are essentially trauma, which is more common in the elderly and mostly affects women over 80 years of age). The number of THR has increased in all industrialized countries, particularly on account of the ageng population.Total hip replacement is one of the most common and successful surgical procedures in modern practice. Although results are generally good, revision (consisting in changing one or all components of the implant) is sometimes necessary (about 1% per year). Prosthetic revision is a longer and more complex operation than primary implantation and it has a higher incidence of post-surgical complications.

Several prosthetic revision risk factors have been highlighted recently in published studies, but results relating to prosthetic and/or patient characteristics and total hip replacement survivorship tend to vary. The existence of an association between the fixation technique and/or bearing surface and prosthetic survivorship has yet to be established.

The main aim of our work was therefore to compare total hip replacement short-term survivorship according to cement type and bearing surface, in a large population of subjects who have undergone total hip replacement for reasons other than trauma (25%) and bone tumor (<0.1%), taking prosthetic revision risk factors (age, gender, comorbidities, concomitant medication, implanting center, etc.) into account.

Total hip replacement characteristics are related to early implant survivorship. After 33 months of follow-up, antibiotic-impregnated cemented THRs have a better prognosis. MoM total hip replacemenst have a slightly worse prognosis.

Medical Research: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?

Response: These findings are useful in helping surgeons select a total hip replacement fixation technique and bearing surface, and helpful for both patient and surgeon in the decision-making process.

Citation:

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Sandrine Colas, MSc, MPH (2015). Factors Identified For Lasting Total Hip Replacement 

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