03 Jun Sun Sensitive, Skin Cancer Prone Patients Responsive To Prevention Messages
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Catherine M. Olsen, PhD
Population Health Department
QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute
MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study?
Dr. Olsen: Effective skin cancer control requires two strategies: regular sun protection to prevent new cancers from occurring and early detection assisted by periodic skin examinations. The aim of our study was to describe the prevalence and predictive factors for sun protection and skin examination practices of adults in Queensland, Australia, a region that experiences the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. We were particularly interested in whether sun protection and skin examination practices differed between those with and without a previously confirmed melanoma and/or treatment for other skin lesions.
MedicalResearch: What are the main findings?
Dr. Olsen: The prevalence of both sun protection and skin examination practices was generally high in this large cohort of people who experience high levels of ambient sun exposure.
People who had been diagnosed with a melanoma or other skin lesion were more likely than those without to report sun protection practices including regular use of sunscreen and wearing hats.
The strongest predictor of sun protection practices was having a sun-sensitive skin type, and the strongest predictor of skin examination practices was having many moles and/or a family history of melanoma.
MedicalResearch: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Dr. Olsen: Sun protection and skin examinations practices were most frequent among those with a history of treated skin lesions or sun-sensitive skin types, suggesting that these groups are receptive to primary and secondary prevention messages.
MedicalResearch: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Dr. Olsen: Continued public health efforts are needed to promote sun protection and skin examination practices. Further research should examine attitudes and beliefs regarding these behaviours in order that public health guidance is delivered effectively.
Olsen CM, Thompson BS, Green AC, Neale RE, Whiteman DC, for the QSkin Sun and Health Study Group. Sun Protection and Skin Examination Practices in a Setting of High Ambient Solar Radiation: A Population-Based Cohort Study. JAMA Dermatol.Published online June 03, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.0739.
Catherine M. Olsen, PhD, Population Health Department, & QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Queensland, Australia (2015). Sun Sensitive and Skin Cancer Prone Patients Responsive To Prevention Messages MedicalResearch.com