30 Jun Diabetes: Income Inequalities Continue to Widen
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Yu Chen, Ph.D.
Prevention Effectiveness Fellow
Division of Diabetes Translation
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?
Response: Overall prevalence of diabetes has increased over the past two decades in the US, disproportionately affecting populations with low-income. The age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults aged 18 years or older increased from 6.4% in 1999−2002 to 9.4% in 2013−2016. Between 2011 and 2014, compared with persons with high income, the relative percentage increase in diabetes prevalence was 40.0%, 74.1%, and 100.4% for those classified as middle income, near poor and poor, respectively. However, recent changes in income-related inequalities in diabetes prevalence are unknown.
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: In this study, researchers examined the income-related inequalities in diabetes in 2001−2018 among US adults aged 18 years and older. They found that diabetes was more prevalent in populations with low-income over the past two decades in the U.S., with greater income-related inequalities among females and middle-aged adults.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: Populations with low income are more likely to have diabetes, and income-related inequalities in diabetes appear to have widened over the past decade.
This research suggests that addressing risk factors early and developing and scaling effective type 2 diabetes prevention interventions among populations with lower income can help reduce diabetes inequalities.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this work?
Response: Additional research is needed to further investigate the factors accounting for inequalities in diabetes prevalence.
Citation: Findings were presented at the virtual 81st Scientific Sessions held by the American Diabetes Association® (ADA).
Income-Related Inequalities in Diagnosed Diabetes Prevalence among U.S. Adults, 2001-2018
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