MedicalResearch: What are the main findings of the study?
Prof. Sjöström: In obese diabetic subjects, the 2-year diabetes remission was 72% in bariatric surgery patients but only 16% in obese controls obtaining conventional obesity and diabetes treatment. After 15 years, 30% were in remission in the surgery group and 6.5% in the control group. In addition, the 20-year incidence of diabetes complication was 30 -55% lower in surgery than control patients.
MedicalResearch: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Prof. Sjöström: That bariatric surgery is far more efficient than conventional care in the treatment of diabetes and the prevention of diabetes complications.
MedicalResearch: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Prof. Sjöström: In future diabetes studies, always consider bariatric surgery as a comparator to new lifestyle and pharmacological treatments.