MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Carl “Chip” Lavie MD, FACC FACP, FCCP
Medical Director, Cardiac Rehabilitation and Prevention
Director, Exercise Laboratories
John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute
Professor of Medicine
Ochsner Clinical School-UQ School of Medicine
Editor-in-Chief, Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?
Dr. Lavie: This was a review of the literature on this topic.The main findings are that various lifestyle choices, including obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome/diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea , moderate and high alcohol intakes, and sedentary lifestyle but also very high exercise doses are all associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF).
Medical Research: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Dr. Lavie: Patients can reduce their risk of atrial fibrillation by keeping alcohol doses low (<2 drinks per day for large size people and only 1 per day for smaller body sizes),preventing obesity and especially severe obesity or by losing weight, especially > 10% on severe obesity, controlling blood pressure and sugar, treating sleep apnea, and performing regular physical activity/exercise but avoiding prolonged exercise.
Medical Research: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Dr. Lavie: Future studies are needed to determine the optimal non-phamacologic programs to reduce atrial fibrillation risk.
Healthy Lifestyle Interventions to Combat Noncommunicable Disease-A Novel Nonhierarchical Connectivity Model for Key Stakeholders: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association, European Society of Cardiology, European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, and American College of Preventive Medicine.
Arena R, Guazzi M, Lianov L, Whitsel L, Berra K, Lavie CJ, Kaminsky L, Williams M, Hivert MF, Franklin NC, Myers J, Dengel D, Lloyd-Jones DM, Pinto FJ, Cosentino F, Halle M, Gielen S, Dendale P, Niebauer J, Pelliccia A, Giannuzzi P, Corra U, Piepoli MF, Guthrie G, Shurney D.
Carl “Chip” Lavie MD, FACC FACP, FCCP (2015). Health Lifestyle Reduces Risk of Atrial Fibrillation