MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Eleonor Fransson, PhD
Associate Professor in Epidemiology
Department of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine
School of Health and Welfare
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?
Response: Atrial fibrillation is a very common heart rhythm disorder affecting a large number of people in the population, but there is limited knowledge about risk factors for the disease. This is especially true when it comes to the role of occupational factors.
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: We found that work stress measured as job strain, that is, a combination of having high psychological job demands and low control over the work situation, was associated with almost 50% increased risk of atrial fibrillation. When we combined the results from our study with two previously published studies on the same topic, we found that work stress was associated with 37% increased risk.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: Our study support the hypothesis that work stress is associated with atrial fibrillation, and may be a modifiable risk factor for the disease.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this work?
Response: We need more studies on how different occupational factors may be linked to the risk of atrial fibrillation. This includes studies using different measures of work stress, conducted in different populations around the world. We also need intervention studies to further investigate and understand the link between work stress and atrial fibrillation.
Eleonor I Fransson, Maria Nordin, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Hugo Westerlund. Job strain and atrial fibrillation – Results from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health and meta-analysis of three studies. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 2018; 204748731877738 DOI: 10.1177/2047487318777387
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