25 Sep All Health Care Workers Should Receive Flu Vaccination Every Year
Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?
Dr. Black: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all health-care personnel (HCP) be vaccinated annually against influenza. Vaccination of health-care personnel can reduce influenza-related morbidity and mortality among HCP and their patients. Overall, 77.3% of HCP reported receiving an influenza vaccination in the 2014-15 season, similar to the 75.2% coverage among HCP reported in the 2013-14 season. Coverage was highest among health-care personnel working in hospitals (90.4%) and lowest among HCP working in long-term care (LTC) settings (63.9%).
Flu vaccination coverage was highest in settings with employer flu vaccination requirements and promotion of flu vaccination. Vaccination coverage was 96% among HCP with an employer requirement for vaccination. Among HCP without an employer requirement for vaccination, vaccination coverage was higher for HCP working in settings where vaccination was offered on-site at no cost for one day (73.6%) or multiple days (83.9%) compared with health-care personnel working in settings where vaccination was promoted but not offered on-site (59.5%) or not promoted in any manner (44.0%).
Medical Research: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Dr. Black: Health care personnel (HCP) should be vaccinated for flu every flu season to protect themselves, their patients, and their families from seasonal flu. Comprehensive, work-site intervention strategies that include education, promotion, and easy access to vaccination at no cost for multiple days can increase HCP vaccination coverage.
Medical Research: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Dr. Black: Future research should focus on more effective ways to increase vaccination uptake among Health care personnel working in long-term care settings, who have lower vaccination coverage compared to their colleagues in other health care settings, even in work places where onsite vaccination is available.
Carla L. Black, PhD1; Xin Yue, MPS, MS1; Sarah W. Ball, ScD2; Sara M.A. Donahue, DrPH2; David Izrael, MS2; Marie A. de Perio, MD3; A. Scott Laney, PhD4;Walter W. Williams, MD1; Megan C. Lindley, MPH1; Samuel B. Graitcer, MD1; Peng-jun Lu, MD, PhD1; Carolyn B. Bridges, MD1; Charles DiSogra, DrPH5; John Sokolowski, MA5; Deborah K. Walker, EdD2; Stacie M. Greby, DVM
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Carla L. Black PhD (2015). All Health Care Workers Should Receive Flu Vaccination Every Year