MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Adrian Juarez, PhD, RN
The State University of New York
School of Nursing
Department of Family, Community and Health Systems Sciences
Buffalo, New York 14214
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?
Response: HIV testing is considered the initial component of HIV eradication strategies such as “seek, test, treat, and retain.” This study examines the characteristics of an urban, transgender population in western New York when volunteering for an HIV test. The use of an intersectional lens was observed in order to determine the level of influence of sexual partnership types, previous HIV and STD testing, substance use, housing status referral source and racial/gender identification on HIV testing.
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: A majority of the trans-females reported at least one HIV test. Significant correlates of first HIV test included homeless housing status and racial identification. Having a recent HIV test was associated with, an increased likelihood of condomless sex and sexual partnerships with an anonymous partner. Repeated HIV testing was associated with a lower likelihood of concurrency among trans-males.
MedicalResearch.com: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Response: HIV testing uptake occurs in our trans-female study participants. More than one HIV test is associated with high self-perceived HIV risk.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Response: Continue current HIV testing outreach programs in trans-female population groups and evaluate if treatment adherence is successful.
MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add?
Response: Further research is warranted to examine how and why the influence of different sexual partnership variables for trans-males and trans-females suggests that interventions to promote testing should be gender- and culturally-specific. The findings also suggest that encouraging repeat or routine testing could potentially increase the uptake of future HIV testing.
MedicalResearch.com: Thank you for your contribution to the MedicalResearch.com community
HIV Testing in Urban Transgender Individuals: A Descriptive Study
Juarez-Cuellar Adrian and Chang Yu-Ping. Transgender Health. October 2017, 2(1): 151-155.https://doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2016.0047
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