US Task Force Recommends TB Screening For Those Who Have Lived in High Risk Settings

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:

Dr. Francisco Garcí Task Force member and director Chief medical officer Pima County Department of Health Tucson, AZ

Dr. Francisco Garcia

Dr. Francisco García M.D. M.P.H.
Task Force member and
Director and Chief medical officer at
Pima County Department of Health
Tucson, AZ

MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?

Response: Tuberculosis infection is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world.

Although less common in the United States, many people still become infected every year and are at risk of getting sick and spreading the infection to others. We know there are effective screening tests that can detect latent tuberculosis infection before people become sick with active tuberculosis disease. Additionally, there are effective treatments to prevent people from progressing from latent tuberculosis infection to active tuberculosis disease.

Thus, for people with increased risk of contracting tuberculosis, the Task Force recommends screening for latent tuberculosis infection.

People who are considered at increased risk include those who were born in or have lived in countries where tuberculosis is highly prevalent, or who have lived in congregate settings where exposure to tuberculosis is more likely, such as homeless shelters or correctional facilities.

MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?

Response: At this time, the Task Force only recommends screening for latent tuberculosis infection in those who were born in or lived in countries where tuberculosis is highly prevalent, or people who have lived in group settings, such as homeless shelters or correctional facilities, since these populations are at increased risk for contracting the disease.

MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add?

Response: Despite the fact that tuberculosis is less common in the United States, it is still important that we work together to combat this disease. Screening those who are most at risk works to help prevent people from getting sick and spreading the infection to others.

MedicalResearch.com: Thank you for your contribution to the MedicalResearch.com community.

Citation:
US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. JAMA.2016;316(9):962-969. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11046.

Note: Content is Not intended as medical advice. Please consult your health care provider regarding your specific medical condition and questions.

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