Author Interviews, Pediatrics, Pulmonary Disease / 15.04.2018 Interview with: Gustavo Nino, M.D. Children’s National Health System pulmonologist Study senior autho What is the background for this study? Response: The epidemiology of respiratory disorders is largely influenced by the individual’s sex resulting in overall higher risk for males than females, particularly during early life. Hormonal, anatomical and behavioral differences are postulated to play a role, but these sex-based respiratory differences are already present at birth, suggesting a strong genetic component. However, the genetic differences in the airways of males and females during early life have been remarkably understudied and are largely unknown. (more…)