Author Interviews, Lung Cancer / 02.05.2018

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: [caption id="attachment_41398" align="alignleft" width="200"]CT scan showing a cancerous tumor in the left lung Wikipedia image CT scan showing a cancerous tumor in the left lung
Wikipedia image[/caption] Cary P. Gross, MD Department of Internal Medicine Section of General Internal Medicine Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center National Clinician Scholars Program Yale School of Medicine New Haven, CT  MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: In both the US and England, lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths, and there is particular concern about access to high quality care among older persons in both countries. However, little is known about how the two nations compare regarding lung cancer care. We studied over 170,000 patients with lung cancer, and found that patients in the US were more likely to be diagnosed at an early stage (25% in US vs 15% of patients in England).  Our international team also found that patients in the US were more likely to receive treatment for their cancer, and were more likely to survive.
Author Interviews, BMJ / 07.10.2017

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Mark A Green BA (Hons), MSc, PhD, AFHEA Lecturer in Health Geography University of Liverpool MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Between Dec 2013 and Dec 2015 there was an increase of 41% in the number of acute patients delayed being discharged from hospital. If we compare the previous year of data –Dec 2012- Dec 2014 – there was only a 10% increase. 2015 saw one of the largest annual spikes in mortality rates for almost 50 years – we wanted to explore if there was any correlation between these two trends.
Author Interviews, Cost of Health Care, Health Care Systems / 04.03.2015

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Sophie Coronini-Cronberg Honorary research Fellow Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London Consultant in public health Centre Medical Directorate with Bupa, United Kingdom. Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Coronini-Cronberg: From April 2011, England’s National Health Service (NHS) was challenged to find £20 billion of efficiency savings over four years, in part by reducing the use of ineffective, overused or inappropriate procedures. However, there was no clear instruction as to which procedures are of 'limited clinical value' and also under which circumstances they should be reduced. We looked at hospital admissions statistics for six procedures that appear on local and/or unofficial lists to see which had been affected and whether cuts were applied consistently across commissioners in the first year of the savings programme. We found a significant drop in three procedures considered potentially ‘low value’ compared to the underlying time trend: removal of cataracts, hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding, and myringotomy to relieve eardrum pressure. There was no significant change in three other ‘low-value’ procedures: spinal surgery for lower back pain, inguinal hernia repair, and primary hip replacement, or in two ‘benchmark’ procedures (coronary revascularisation, gall bladder removal). Myringotomy, a procedure to relieve pressure in the ear which is considered relatively ineffective, declined by 11.4 per cent overall. Two procedures considered only effective in certain circumstances also fell overall. Hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding declined by 10.7 per cent overall, and cataract removal declined by 4.8 per cent.ý ýWe also found the reductions were inconsistently applied by commissioning groups (so-called Primary Care Trusts).