Emergency Room Study Finds ChatGPT Able to Think Much Like a Human Doctor

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:

Dr. Hidde ten Berg Department Emergency Medicine

Dr. Hidde ten Berg

Dr. Hidde ten Berg
 Department Emergency Medicine and

Dr. Steef KurstjensDepartment of Clinical cChemistry and Haematology

Dr. Steef Kurstjens

Dr. Steef Kurstjens
Department of Clinical cChemistry and Haematology

Jeroen Bosch Hospital, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands


MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: At this moment we are still in the exploratory phase, and therefore, there is no widespread or routine usage of ChatGPT in Emergency Medicine. That said, there are instances where individual physicians have used ChatGPT for specific purposes. These may include facilitating bureaucratic tasks that can often be time-consuming, aiding in writing e-mails or texts, and serving as a brainstorming tool when dealing with complex medical cases and questions. Though not yet a standardized practice, these isolated examples demonstrate a growing interest for the potential application of this novel technology.

MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?

Response:  In our study, we found that ChatGPT’s performance in generating differential diagnoses and selecting the leading diagnosis was comparable to that of trained physicians. Furthermore, there was around 60% overlap between the differential diagnosis generated by ChatGPT and the physicians. Simply put, this indicates that ChatGPT was able to think and suggest medical diagnoses much like a human doctor would.

MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?

Response: In the future it may be possible that implementation may lead to shorter waiting times in the Emergency Department. The benefit may be the biggest with lesser trained physicians (junior physicians in training). It may also be useful in recognizing patterns of rare pathology or rare drug interactions, where some doctors may not be familiar with. However, it should be noted that at this moment ChatGPT is not a registered medical device. 

MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a results of this study?

Response: In our study, we selected 30 cases with different etiologies. It will also be interesting to focus on one specific type of pathology and to see how ChatGPT will perform compared to physicians. Furthermore, we selected cases where there was one main problem. It will also be interesting to see how ChatGPT will perform in very complex cases with multi-morbidity.

MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add? Any disclosures?

Response: It should be noted that ChatGPT is not registered as a medical device, so should be used with caution. There are also privacy concerns, as this is open access.


ChatGPT and Generating a Differential Diagnosis Early in an Emergency Department Presentation

2023 European Emergency Medicine Congress presentation


The information on MedicalResearch.com is provided for educational purposes only, and is in no way intended to diagnose, cure, or treat any medical or other condition.

Some links may be sponsored. Products are not endorsed.

Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health and ask your doctor any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. In addition to all other limitations and disclaimers in this agreement, service provider and its third party providers disclaim any liability or loss in connection with the content provided on this website.



Last Updated on September 15, 2023 by Marie Benz