15 Sep Emergency Room Study Finds ChatGPT Able to Think Much Like a Human Doctor
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Dr. Hidde ten Berg
Department Emergency Medicine and
Dr. Steef Kurstjens
Department of Clinical cChemistry and Haematology
Jeroen Bosch Hospital, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?
Response: At this moment we are still in the exploratory phase, and therefore, there is no widespread or routine usage of ChatGPT in Emergency Medicine. That said, there are instances where individual physicians have used ChatGPT for specific purposes. These may include facilitating bureaucratic tasks that can often be time-consuming, aiding in writing e-mails or texts, and serving as a brainstorming tool when dealing with complex medical cases and questions. Though not yet a standardized practice, these isolated examples demonstrate a growing interest for the potential application of this novel technology.
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: In our study, we found that ChatGPT’s performance in generating differential diagnoses and selecting the leading diagnosis was comparable to that of trained physicians. Furthermore, there was around 60% overlap between the differential diagnosis generated by ChatGPT and the physicians. Simply put, this indicates that ChatGPT was able to think and suggest medical diagnoses much like a human doctor would.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: In the future it may be possible that implementation may lead to shorter waiting times in the Emergency Department. The benefit may be the biggest with lesser trained physicians (junior physicians in training). It may also be useful in recognizing patterns of rare pathology or rare drug interactions, where some doctors may not be familiar with. However, it should be noted that at this moment ChatGPT is not a registered medical device.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a results of this study?
Response: In our study, we selected 30 cases with different etiologies. It will also be interesting to focus on one specific type of pathology and to see how ChatGPT will perform compared to physicians. Furthermore, we selected cases where there was one main problem. It will also be interesting to see how ChatGPT will perform in very complex cases with multi-morbidity.
MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add? Any disclosures?
Response: It should be noted that ChatGPT is not registered as a medical device, so should be used with caution. There are also privacy concerns, as this is open access.
ChatGPT and Generating a Differential Diagnosis Early in an Emergency Department Presentation
2023 European Emergency Medicine Congress presentation
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