MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Lindsay Kohler MPH
Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?
Response: Several studies have reported that following health promotion guidelines for diet, physical activity, and maintenance of a healthy body weight may reduce the risk of getting cancer or dying from cancer. We performed a systematic review to examine the associations between established cancer prevention guidelines for diet and physical activity and cancer outcomes. We found that adhering to cancer prevention guidelines set forth by the American Cancer Society or the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research consistently reduced the risk of overall cancer incidence and mortality (10-61%) in the studies included in this review. In addition, higher adherence to the guidelines consistently reduced the risk of breast, colorectal, and endometrial cancers. Adherence to a pattern of healthy behaviors may significantly reduce cancer incidence and mortality.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: An overall pattern of healthy behaviors, as outlined in the cancer prevention guidelines, may reduce your risk of getting or dying from cancer, although the risk is not totally eliminated. Family history and environmental factors also play a role in cancer incidence and mortality. However, following these recommendations will lead to healthier lives overall and in turn reduce the risk for many major diseases.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Response: The most important work as a result of this study is getting the word out about the importance of following these recommendations and helping people find ways to incorporate healthful changes into their lives.
MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add?
Response: This work would not have been possible without the support of my mentor,
Dr. Elizabeth Jacobs, and the rest of the authors on this review.
MedicalResearch.com: Thank you for your contribution to the MedicalResearch.com community.
Lindsay N. Kohler, David O. Garcia, Robin B. Harris, Eyal Oren, Denise J. Roe, and Elizabeth T. Jacobs. Adherence to Diet and Physical Activity Cancer Prevention Guidelines and Cancer Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, June 2016 DOI:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0121
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