12 Nov Use of Pegloticase- KRYSTEXXA® with an Immunomodulator Improves Outcomes in Refractory Gout
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Executive Vice President, Medical Affairs and Outcomes Research
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What is the marker for reduced immunogenicity with Pegloticase?
Response: Pegloticase is a recombinant, pegylated uricase that is used for treatment of chronic gout in patients who fail oral urate lowering therapy (uncontrolled gout) and has a demonstrated impact on the serum uric acid (sUA) level. As with other biologics, in some people the body’s immune system develops anti-drug antibodies and reduces the effectiveness of the biologic therapy. Recent case series and open-label trials have suggested that using an immunomodulator with pegloticase has the potential to increase the durability of response so patients can receive a full course of therapy. Researchers in the RECIPE trial sought to examine whether the co-administration of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), specifically mycophenolate mofetil, may mitigate this loss of efficacy and increase in response rates for people living with uncontrolled gout
MedicalResearch.com: Are symptoms of gout improved as well as reduced infusion reactions?
Response Results from this trial indicated that short-term concomitant use of mycophenolate mofetil with pegloticase was generally well tolerated. It was also associated with a statistically significant and clinically meaningful impact on the proportion of patients achieving and maintaining an sUA ≤6 mg/dL at 24 weeks. No infusion reactions were reported in the pegloticase/mycophenolate mofetil arm (0 or 22 patients) compared to 30 percent (3 of 10) of patients reporting infusion reactions in the pegloticase/placebo arm. It’s been well established that in patients receiving pegloticase with persistent urate lowering, they experience relatively rapid resolution of tophi indicating significant reductions in their urate burden.
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: This is the first randomized controlled trial evaluating pegloticase co-prescribed with an immunomodulator compared to pegloticase with placebo. Data showed that 86.4 percent of patients (19 of 22) receiving co-therapy of pegloticase with mycophenolate mofetil achieved an sUA ≤ 6 mg/dL through Month 3, the primary study endpoint, compared to 40.0 percent of patients (4 of 10) receiving pegloticase monotherapy. After Month 3, all patients received pegloticase only and at Month 6 a sustained response was shown in 68.2 percent (15 of 22) of patients who had received pegloticase with mycophenolate mofetil versus 30.0 percent (3 of 10) of patients who received pegloticase and placebo. This data adds to the growing body of evidence on the concomitant use of pegloticase with an immunomodulator to ultimately help more patients receive a full course of therapy and improve outcomes and may help shift the treatment paradigm in uncontrolled gout.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: While rheumatologists are familiar with and may use DMARDs for other autoimmune conditions to minimize the development of anti-drug antibodies and increase response to therapies, data shows that the use of an immunomodulating therapy in patients with uncontrolled gout can improve response rates.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this work?me
Response: There is a consistent pattern demonstrating that the concomitant use of pegloticase and an immunomodulator can improve patient outcomes without introducing additional toxicities. As clinicians we understand the immense burden gout places on our patients. Future research should continue exploring options to maximize the benefit of effective treatments to improve patient outcomes.
MedicalResearch.com: Is there anything else you would like to add?
Response: Uncontrolled gout is a chronic, systemic inflammatory condition and we continue to see data linking it to many comorbid conditions. Horizon is evaluating the use of methotrexate to improve response rates for pegloticase. We are committed to exploring various immunotherapy co-treatment options to allow both patients and clinicians to address elevated sUA levels to minimize urate burden and avoid lasting damage to the body.
RECIPE is an investigator-initiated trial led by Puja Khanna, M.D., M.P.H. and Kenneth Saag, M.D., M.Sc.
Citation: ACR20 virtual conference abstract:
Khanna P, Khanna D, Cutter G, Foster J, Melnick J, Jaafar S, Biggers S, Rahman A, Kuo H, Feese M, Saag K. Reducing Immunogenicity of Pegloticase (RECIPE) with Concomitant Use of Mycophenolate Mofetil in Patients with Refractory Gout—a Phase II Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020; 72 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/reducing-immunogenicity-of-pegloticase-recipe-with-concomitant-use-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-patients-with-refractory-gout-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial/. Accessed November 12, 2020.
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