31 Jul Increase Fruits and Vegetables, Decrease Cardiovascular Mortality
Medical Research: What are the main findings of the study?
Prof. Hu: We found that increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of mortality, especially cardiovascular mortality. The largest reduction in mortality can be achieved at 5 servings per day of fruits and vegetables.
Medical Research: Were any of the findings unexpected?
Prof. Hu: Not really. Previous studies have already found health benefits of eating more fruits and vegetables. However, this is the first study to quantify the effects of fruits and vegetables on mortality in a meta-analysis.
Medical Research: What should clinicians and patients take away from your report?
Prof. Hu: The takeaway message is that individuals should increase their consumption of fruits and vegetables to 5 servings per day to achieve the maxium health benefits.
Medical Research: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?
Prof. Hu: Future research should examine the effects of different types of fruits and vegetables on various health outcomes. Also, it would be useful to look at specific types of cancer in addition to total cancer mortality.