30 May Early Birds More Likely to Be Conscientious, Religious and Satisfied with Life
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
University of Warsaw
MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?
Response: People differ in the time when they prefer to wake up and fall asleep: some people prefer going to bed and waking up early, while others prefer later hours. Most of the population is somewhere between them. Research indicates that being a morning person is related to reporting higher satisfaction with life and conscientiousness. Studies also show the associations between being religious and having higher life satisfaction and conscientiousness. It seems that religiosity might mediate the relationship between morningness and higher life satisfaction. To better understand these associations we conducted two questionnaire-based studies of Polish adults, one with 500 participants and the other with 728 participants. All participants completed questionnaires measuring their chronotype, satisfaction with life, personality traits, and religiosity
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings?
Response: Our results show that morningness was positively associated with conscientiousness, satisfaction with life, and religiosity. Moreover, we obtained significant mediation effects showing that the association between morningness-eveningness and satisfaction with life might stem, at least in part, from the higher religiosity among morning-oriented individuals, also when conscientiousness was included in the model.
MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: We speculate that morning-oriented individuals tend to be more conscientious, making them more likely to be religious and religiosity may contribute to greater satisfaction with life. It seems that developing conscientiousness and spirituality can significantly increase satisfaction with life. This may, for example, be due to a larger social network, more contact with members within a religious group, or communal rituals.
MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a results of this study?
Response: The present findings should be replicated with participants of other cultural backgrounds and other religious groups. Furthermore, a longitudinal study could provide a stronger test of our hypotheses and confirm the stability of obtained effects.
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