Are Some Dog Breeds More Likely to Bite?

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:

Dr. Garth Essig, MD Otolaryngologist The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. 

Dr. Essig

Dr. Garth Essig, MD
Otolaryngologist
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. 

MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?

Response: Dog bites are a significant yet modifiable public health concern, but the true magnitude is difficult to estimate with such wide ranges in reporting, severity of injury and varieties of breeds that bite.  We reviewed bites from reports in the literature and from two regionally distinct medical centers.

We concluded that bite frequency and severity could be attributed to certain breeds in this sample, if the breed is known. Our study also acknowledged the significant risk of biting with the mixed breed population, which creates a dilemma with identification.

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Why Do Some People Get a Dog?

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Tove Fall PhD
Senior author of the study
Associate Professor in Epidemiology
Department of Medical Sciences and the Science for Life Laboratory
Uppsala University 

MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? 

Response: Dog ownership is common in the Western society but little is known about what actually makes people get a dog.

We conducted a twin study to understand whether the genetic make-up has an influence on this choice. We found that more than 50% of the differences in dog ownership is explained by genetic variants.  Continue reading

Dogs Strong Sense of Smell Can Detect Urinary Tract Infections

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Maureen Maurer, MS 
American Institute for Research
Makawao, HI  

MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: Complications from UTIs are a serious medical problem for many people with neurological impairment such as spinal cord injuries. Detection is often difficult in these patients, resulting in delayed diagnosis and more serious infections such as pyelonephritis and sepsis.  UTIs are also the most common hospital acquired infection for all patients. Given the prevalence of UTIs, their complications, and increasing drug therapy resistance, improved early detection methods are needed.

The olfactory acuity of dogs is over 100,000 times stronger than humans. Dogs’ superior olfactory capabilities have been employed to assist humans by detecting bombs, drugs, and more recently, cancer. Trained dogs may present a novel method for early UTI detection. Our objective was to determine whether canines could be trained to discriminate culture-positive from culture-negative urine samples.  Continue reading