"i have a lazy eye but it's a good thing" by jessica mullen is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Childhood Lazy Eye (Amblyopia) Linked To Lower Self Perception, Reading Speed and Motor Skills

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
"i have a lazy eye but it's a good thing" by jessica mullen is licensed under CC BY 2.0Eileen E. Birch, PhD
Director, Crystal Charity Ball Pediatric Vision Evaluation Center
Retina Foundation of the Southwest
Adjunct Professor of Ophthalmology
UT Southwestern Medical Center


MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? 

Response: We previously reported that amblyopia, but not nonamblyopic strabismus or anisometropia, is associated with slower reading speed (Kelly et al  Journal of AAPOS 2015) and that this is related to abnormal eye movements and unstable fixation associated with amblyopia (Kelly et al 2017).  We have also shown that amblyopic children are slower at completing Scantron answer sheets (JAMA Ophthalmology 2018).  We thought that these difficulties experiences in school-age children with amblyopia might affect their self-perception.

MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report?

Response: Amblyopia is associated with lower self-perception, related to reading speed and impaired motor skills, highlighting the wide-ranging effect of altered visual development for amblyopic children in their everyday lives. 

MedicalResearch.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this work? 

Response: We do not know yet whether successful treatment of amblyopia can improve self-perception, reading speed, and motor skills.

No disclosures.   


Birch EE, Castañeda YS, Cheng-Patel CS, et al. Self-perception of School-Aged Children With Amblyopia and Its Association With Reading Speed and Motor Skills. JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5527

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Last Updated on November 19, 2018 by Marie Benz MD FAAD