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Suboptimal Physical Activity in Women Associated With Increased Healthcare Spending

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Erin D. Michos, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA, FASE
Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
Associate Director of Preventive Cardiology
Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Victor Okunrintemi, MD, MPH
Department of Internal Medicine
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina 

MedicalResearch.com: What is the background for this study?  

Response: Women are less physically active than men on average, and the lack of regular physical activity has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and poorer health outcomes. Although recommendations encouraging regular physical activity has been in place for decades, we do not know how much of these recommendations are met, particularly among high risk women with established cardiovascular disease for secondary prevention.

This study was therefore designed with the aim of describing the 10-year trends for the proportion of women with cardiovascular disease who do not meet these recommend physical activity levels, overall and by key sociodemographic groups, and the associated cost implications.

MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings? 

Response: Over the years, there is a rising trend in suboptimal physical activity among women with cardiovascular disease, which was also associated with an increase in healthcare spending. More than half of U.S. women with cardiovascular disease do not meet recommended physical activity levels.  Suboptimal physical activity was more likely among women who were older, who were minorities, who had from low or very low income, who had public insurance, or who had less than high school education. These might represent vulnerable groups that might benefit from a more targeted intervention.

MedicalResearch.com: What should readers take away from your report? 

Response: We encourage everyone, especially women with cardiovascular disease, to move more. 

We do not have disclosures


Okunrintemi V, Benson EA, Tibuakuu M, et al. Trends and Costs Associated With Suboptimal Physical Activity Among US Women With Cardiovascular Disease. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191977. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1977

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Last Updated on April 14, 2019 by Marie Benz MD FAAD