MedicalResearch.com Interview with:
Gopal K. Singh, Ph.D., M.S., M.Sc.
Senior Epidemiologist/Health Care Administrator
Office of Epidemiology and Research
Division of Epidemiology
HRSA/ Maternal and Child Health Bureau
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857, USA
and Mohammad Siahpush, PhD
Professor, Department of Health Promotion, Social & Behavioral Health
University of Nebraska Medical Center
College of Public Health
MedicalResearch.com: What are the main findings of the study?
There are significant disparities in life expectancy between rural and urban areas of the United States – and these disparities have widened over the past 4 decades. In 1969, life expectancy
was 0.4 years longer in urban than in rural areas (70.9 vs. 70.5 years). In 2009, the life expectancy difference between urban and rural areas increased to 2.0 years (78.8 vs. 76.8 years). Much of the disparity appears to have increased since 1990. Life expectancy has increased more rapidly in urban than in rural areas, which has contributed to the widening gap in life expectancy.
Life expectancy is lower in more rural areas. In 2005-2009, life expectancy was 79.1 years in large metro areas, 77.8 in small metro areas, 76.9 years in small-urban towns, and 76.7 years in rural areas. So, the difference in life expectancy between the most-urban and most-rural was 2.4 years.